Primary Sources

Bacquet, Jean. Des Droicts du Domaine de la Couronne de France. 4 vols. Paris, 1608.

Bracton on the Laws and Customs of England, trans. Samuel E. Thorne. 4 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1968.

British Library, Cotton MS, Vespasian B VII.

Cobbett’s Collection of State Trials. 33 vols. London, 1809–1826.

Cobbett’s Parliamentary History. 34 vols. London, 1806–1820.

Codex Manesse (ca. 1304-40), Heidelberg University Library, Cod. Pal. germ. 848, Große Heidelberger Liederhandschrift. Available online at:

Coke, Edward. Le Tierce Part des Reportes del Edward Coke. London, 1602.

———. Le Quart Part des Reportes del Edward Coke Chivalier, l’Attorney General le Roy. London, 1604.

Given-Wilson, Chris, ed. Parliament Rolls of Medieval England, 1275-1504. 16 vols. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2005.

Lostal, Pierre de. Le Soldat Francois. Paris, 1604.

Scohier, Jean. L’Estat et Comportement des Armes. Paris, 1630.

Stuart, James. The True Lawe of Free Monarchies: or The Reciprock and Mutuall Dutie betwixt a Free King, and his Naturall Subiectes. Edinburgh, 1598.

Twenty-Six Political and Other Poems from the Oxford MSS. Digby 102 and Douce 322. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. Ltd, 1904.

Secondary Sources

Austin, John. The Province of Jurisprudence Determined. London, 1832.

Bagehot, Walter. The English Constitution. London, 1867.

Bean, J. M. W. The Decline of English Feudalism, 1215–1540. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1968.

Chan Smith, David. Sir Edward Coke and the Reformation of the Laws: Religion, Politics and Jurisprudence, 1578–1616. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Chaney, William A. The Cult of Kingship in Anglo-Saxon England. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1970.

Chester, Norman. English Administrative System, 1780–1870. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981.

Chrimes, S. B. English Constitutional Ideas in the Fifteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1936.

Cobbett, P. “The Crown as Representing the State.” Commonwealth Law Review 1 (1903): 23–30.

———. “The Crown as Representing the State.” Commonwealth Law Review (1904): 145–156.

Cromartie, Alan. The Constitutionalist Revolution: An Essay on the History of England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Ehrlich, Ludwik. “Proceedings Against the Crown.” In Oxford Studies in Social and Legal History, Volume IV, edited by Paul Vinogradoff. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1921.

Foord, A. S. “The Waning of the Influence of the Crown.” English Historical Review 62, no. 245 (1947): 484–507.

Garnett, George. “The Origins of the Crown.” Proceedings of the British Academy 89 (1996): 171–214.

———. “‘The Ould Fields’: Law and History in the Prefaces to Sir Edward Coke’s Reports.” Journal of Legal History 34, no. 3 (2013): 245–284.

Goody, Jack. The Culture of Flowers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Gough, J. W. “Flowers of the Crown.” English Historical Review 77, no. 302 (1962): 86–93.

Grierson, Philip. “The Origins of the English Sovereign and the Symbolism of the Closed Crown.” British Numismatic Journal 33 (1964): 118–134.

Griffiths, Ralph A. The Reign of King Henry VI: The Exercise of Royal Authority, 1422–1461. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981.

Hablot, Laurent. “L’Ordre de la Cosse de Genêt de Charles VI: Mise en Scène d’une Devise Royale.” Revue Française d’Heraldique et de Sigillographie 69-70 (2000): 131–148.

Hinkle, W. M. The Fleurs de Lis of the Kings of France, 1285–1488. Edwardsville: Southern Illinois University Press, 1991.

Hoak, Dale. “Iconography of the Crown Imperial.” In Tudor Political Culture, edited by Dale Hoak, 54–103. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Holdsworth, W. S. “The Prerogative in the Sixteenth Century.” Columbia Law Review 21, no. 6 (1921), 558–560.

Holmes, M. R. “The Crowns of England.” Archaeologia 86 (1937): 73–90.

Kantorowicz, Ernst H. The King’s Two Bodies: A Study in Medieval Political Theology. 1957. Reprint, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2016.

Kingsford, C. L. "Extracts from the First Version of Hardyng’s Chronicle.” English Historical Review 27, no. 108 (October 1912): 740-753.

Leake, Stephen Martin. “Remarks on Crowns, and More Particularly on the Royal or Imperial Crown of Great Britain.” Notes and Queries 11 (1855) 289: 357–358; 290: 379–381; 291: 399–401; 292: 422–423.

Lockwood, Shelley, ed. Sir John Fortescue: On the Laws and Governance of England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Maitland, Frederic William. “Crown as Corporation.” Law Quarterly Review 17 (1901): 131–146.

———. The Constitutional History of England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.

McGlynn, Margaret. The Royal Prerogative and the Learning of the Inns of Court. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

McLean, Janet. Searching for the State in British Legal Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Outhwaite, R. B. The Rise and Fall of the English Ecclesiastical Courts, 1500–1860. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Pinches, John, and Rosemary Pinches. The Royal Heraldry of England. London: Heraldry Today, 1974.

Pocock, J. G. A. The Ancient Constitution and the Feudal Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Pollock, Frederick, and Frederic William Maitland. History of English Law before the Time of Edward I, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1898.

Pratt, David. The Political Thought of King Alfred the Great. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Rose, Jonathan. Maintenance in English Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Runciman, David. Pluralism and the Personality of the State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Runciman, David, and Magnus Ryan, eds. Maitland: State, Trust and Corporation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Salisbury, Eve. The Trials and Joys of Marriage. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2002.

Saunders, Cheryl. “The Concept of the Crown.” Melbourne University Law Review 38 (2015): 873–896.

Stratford, Jenny. Richard II and the English Royal Treasure. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2012.

Summerson, Henry. “Hardyng, John.” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12296.

Sunkin, Maurice, and Sebastian Payne, ed. The Nature of the Crown. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Williams, Ian “Edward Coke.” In Constitutions and the Classics: Patterns of Constitutional Thought from Fortescue to Bentham, edited by Denis Galligan, 86–107. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.